Calculating with Entanglement: Quantum Computing for Nuclear and Particle Physics
Studying nature directly from fundamental degrees of freedom is often computationally limited by physical characteristics of exponentially growing configuration(Hilbert) spaces with particle number and signal-to-noise problems. This leaves many systems of interest to nuclear and particle physics intractable for known algorithms with current and foreseeable classical computational resources. By leveraging their natural capacity to describe entangled many-body states, the use of quantum systems themselves to form a computational framework leads to constructions of basic quantum field theories with resource requirements that are expected to scale only polynomially with the precision and size of the system. In this talk, I will present an overview of recent progress in, and the potential for, manipulating controllable quantum devices to pursue computational access to our microscopic descriptions of nature.